Henry James was born in 1843 in New York, of Scottish and Irish ancestry. He attended schools in New York, London, Paris and Geneva, entering the Law School at Harvard in 1862. In 1865 he began to contribute reviews and short stories to American journals. In 1875 he settled in Paris, where he met Flaubert, Turgenev and other literary figures. He then moved to London, where he became so popular in society that in the winter of 1878-9 he confessed to accepting 107 invitations. He wrote some twenty highly popular and influential novels, including The Portrait of a Lady and The Bostonians. He became a naturalized citizen in 1915, was awarded the Order of Merit and died in London in 1916.