Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Foreword.- Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas: Background, Motivation and Objectives.- Microphysics in Astrophysical Plasmas.- Turbulence and Instabilities in the Solar Wind.- Solar Surface and Atmospheric Dynamics: The Photosphere.- MHD Turbulence and the Generation of Magnetic Fields.- Microphysics of Cosmic Ray Driven Plasma Instabilities.- Nonclassical Transport and Particle-field Coupling: from Laboratory Plasmas to the Solar Wind.- Collisional and Radiative Processes in Optically-Thin Plasmas.- Evolution in Our Understanding of Collisionless Reconnection and Its Connection with Turbulence.- MHD Reconnection in Complex and Turbulent Fields.- Hierarchies of Plasma Instabilities: MHD to Kinetic Scales.- In-situ Observations of Reconnections in Space.- Kinetic Structure of Current Sheets in Earth’s Magnetotail.- Mechanisms of Spontaneous Reconnection: from Magnetospheric to Fusion Plasma.- Topics in the Microphysics of Relativistic Plasmas.- Radio Astronomy and Plasma Diagnostics of the Interstellar Medium.- Microphysics of Quasi-parallel Shocks in Collisionless Plasmas.- Dynamic Quasi-perpendicular Shocks: Cluster Discoveries.- Collisionless Shocks in Partly Ionized Plasma with Cosmic Rays: Microphysics of Non-thermal Components.- Electron-Ion Temperature Equilibration in Collisionless Shocks: the Supernova Remnant-Solar Wind Connection.- Methods for Characterizing Microphysical Processes in Plasmas.- Laboratory Astrophysics: Investigation of Planetary and Astrophysical Maser Emission.
Band 47
Space Sciences Series of ISSI Band 47

Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas

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Beschreibung

Presents a comprehensive review of physical processes in astrophysical plasmas.

This title presents a review of the detailed aspects of the physical processes that underlie the observed properties, structures and dynamics of cosmic plasmas. An assessment of the status of understanding of microscale processes in all astrophysical collisionless plasmas is provided. The topics discussed include turbulence in astrophysical and solar system plasmas as a phenomenological description of their dynamic properties on all scales; observational, theoretical and modelling aspects of collisionless magnetic reconnection; the formation and dynamics of shock waves; and a review and assessment of microprocesses, such as the hierarchy of plasma instabilities, non-local and non-diffusive transport processes and ionisation and radiation processes. In addition, some of the lessons that have been learned from the extensive existing knowledge of laboratory plasmas as applied to astrophysical problems are also covered. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers active in the areas of cosmic plasmas and space science. Originally published in Space Science Reviews journal, Vol. 278/2-4, 2013.


André Balogh is Emeritus Professor of Space Physics in Imperial College London and a past Director of the International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland. He has participated in numerous scientific space missions since the mid‐1960s and has been a Principal Investigator on the Ulysses and Cluster missions. His principal research interest is the observation and study of magnetic fields in the heliosphere and in planetary environments. He is author and co‐author of over 450 scientific publications and editor of seven books on solar system topics.

Prof. Andrei Bykov is head of the High Energy Astrophysics laboratory at the Ioffe Institute of Physics and Technology at the Russian Academy of Sciences and professor of St. Petersburg State Politechnical University. His principal research interests are theory and observations of processes in astrophysical objects with extreme energy release ‐ supernovae, gamma‐ray bursts and clusters of galaxies. He is author and coauthor of over 200 scientific publications, including the book ‘Turbulence, Current Sheets and Shocks in Cosmic Plasma’ and editor of four books on high energy astrophysics.

Prof. Peter Cargill is an Emeritus Professor of Physics and an Imperial College and Honorary Professor of the Mathematical Institute at the University of St. Andrews. He is also part of the Space and Atmospheric Physics Group and the Blackett Laboratory.

Prof. Richard Dendy is the Director (jointly with Prof. S. C. Chapman) of Warwick University’s Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, and the Head of Theoretical Plasma Physics at Euratom/UKAEA Fusion Association’s Culham Science Centre. He is a commissioner of the Marshall Scholarships program and an Honorary Professor of Physics at Kyushu University in Japan. Prof. Dendy is also Vice-Chair of the Plasma Physics Division of the European Physical Society and the Editor-in-Chief of the journal Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion.

Prof. Thierry Dudok de Wit is a professor at the Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l’Environnement et de l’Espace, at the University of Orléans in France.

Prof. John Raymond is an astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Details

Einband

Gebundene Ausgabe

Erscheinungsdatum

16.01.2014

Herausgeber

André Balogh + weitere

Verlag

Springer US

Seitenzahl

637

Beschreibung

Details

Einband

Gebundene Ausgabe

Erscheinungsdatum

16.01.2014

Herausgeber

Verlag

Springer US

Seitenzahl

637

Maße (L/B/H)

24,1/16/4 cm

Gewicht

11982 g

Auflage

2014

Sprache

Englisch

ISBN

978-1-4899-7412-9

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  • Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas
  • Foreword.- Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas: Background, Motivation and Objectives.- Microphysics in Astrophysical Plasmas.- Turbulence and Instabilities in the Solar Wind.- Solar Surface and Atmospheric Dynamics: The Photosphere.- MHD Turbulence and the Generation of Magnetic Fields.- Microphysics of Cosmic Ray Driven Plasma Instabilities.- Nonclassical Transport and Particle-field Coupling: from Laboratory Plasmas to the Solar Wind.- Collisional and Radiative Processes in Optically-Thin Plasmas.- Evolution in Our Understanding of Collisionless Reconnection and Its Connection with Turbulence.- MHD Reconnection in Complex and Turbulent Fields.- Hierarchies of Plasma Instabilities: MHD to Kinetic Scales.- In-situ Observations of Reconnections in Space.- Kinetic Structure of Current Sheets in Earth’s Magnetotail.- Mechanisms of Spontaneous Reconnection: from Magnetospheric to Fusion Plasma.- Topics in the Microphysics of Relativistic Plasmas.- Radio Astronomy and Plasma Diagnostics of the Interstellar Medium.- Microphysics of Quasi-parallel Shocks in Collisionless Plasmas.- Dynamic Quasi-perpendicular Shocks: Cluster Discoveries.- Collisionless Shocks in Partly Ionized Plasma with Cosmic Rays: Microphysics of Non-thermal Components.- Electron-Ion Temperature Equilibration in Collisionless Shocks: the Supernova Remnant-Solar Wind Connection.- Methods for Characterizing Microphysical Processes in Plasmas.- Laboratory Astrophysics: Investigation of Planetary and Astrophysical Maser Emission.