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The New International System of Units (SI)

Quantum Metrology and Quantum Standards

Ernst O. Göbel, Uwe Siegner

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  • The New International System of Units (SI)

    Wiley-VCH

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Beschreibung

The International System of Units, the SI, provides the foundation for all measurements in science, engineering, economics, and society. The SI has been fundamentally revised in 2019. The new SI is a universal and highly stable unit system based on invariable constants of nature. Its implementation rests on quantum metrology and quantum standards, which base measurements on the manipulation and counting of single quantum objects, such as electrons, photons, ions, and flux quanta. This book explains and illustrates the new SI, its impact on measurements, and the quantum metrology and quantum technology behind it.
The book is based on the book ?Quantum Metrology: Foundation of Units and Measurements? by the same authors.
From the contents:

-Measurement
-The SI (Système International d?Unités)
-Realization of the SI Second: Thermal Beam Cs Clock, Laser Cooling, and the Cs Fountain Clock
-Flux Quanta, Josephson Effect, and the SI Volt
-Quantum Hall Effect, the SI Ohm, and the SI Farad
-Single-Charge Transfer Devices and the SI Ampere
-The SI Kilogram, the Mole, and the Planck constant
-The SI Kelvin and the Boltzmann Constant
-Beyond the present SI: Optical Clocks and Quantum Radiometry
-Outlook

Ernst O. Göbel and Uwe Siegner, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, PTB (the National Metrology Institute of Germany) have worked in the field of metrology for many years and both are experienced university lecturers.

Ernst O. Göbel, PhD, was president of PTB from 1995 till 2011. His scientific background is in solid state and laser physics and laser spectroscopy. He was a member of the Comité International des Poids et Mesures, CIPM, from 1997 till 2013, and from 2004 till 2010, its president. He had been full professor at the University of Marburg and is member of several national and international academies. He has issued more than three hundred original scientific publications and is recipient of several scientific awards such as the Leibniz Prize of the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Max Born Award jointly provided by the Institute of Physics (London) and the German Physical Society (DFG).

Uwe Siegner, PhD, is the head of the Electricity Division of PTB and a member of the Comité Consultatif d`Électricité et Magnétisme, CCEM, of the CIPM. He is an honorary professor at the Technical University of Braunschweig and a principal investigator of the Braunschweig International Graduate School of Metrology. His scientific background is in solid state physics and ultrafast laser optics and he has authored or co-authored about 100 original scientific publications in these fields.

Produktdetails

Einband gebundene Ausgabe
Seitenzahl 272
Erscheinungsdatum 24.07.2019
Sprache Englisch
ISBN 978-3-527-34459-8
Verlag Wiley-VCH
Maße (L/B/H) 25,1/17,7/1,7 cm
Gewicht 684 g
Abbildungen 13 schwarz-weiße und 2 farbige Abbildungen
Auflage 1. Auflage

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  • Artikelbild-0
  • Foreword
    Preface
    List of Abbreviations
    INTRODUCTION
    BASICS
    Measurement
    The SI (Système International d'Unités)
    LASER COOLING, ATOMIC CLOCKS, AND THE SECOND
    Techniques for Laser Cooling
    The Cs-Fountain Clock
    Optical Clocks
    SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, JOSEPHSON EFFECT, AND FLUX QUANTA
    Josephson Effect and Quantum Voltage Standards
    Flux Quanta and Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices
    QUANTUM HALL EFFECT
    Basic Physics of Three- and Two Dimensional Semiconductors
    Two-Dimensional Electron Systems in Real Semiconductors
    The Hall Effect
    Quantum Hall Resistance Standards
    SINGLE-CHARGE TRANSFER DEVICES AND THE NEW AMPERE
    Basic Physics of Single-Electron Transport
    Quantized Current Sources
    Consistency Tests: Quantum Metrology Triangle
    PLANCK CONSTANT, THE NEW KILOGRAM, AND THE MOLE
    The Avogadro Experiment
    The Watt Balance Experiment
    The Mole, Unit of Amount of Susbstance
    BOLTZMANN CONSTANT AND THE NEW KELVIN
    Primary Thermometers
    Realization and Disseminiation of the New Kelvin
    SINGLE-PHOTON METROLOGY AND QUANTUM RADIOMETRY
    Single-Photon Sources
    Single-Photon Detectors
    Metrological Challenges