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Microbial Mats

Modern and Ancient Microorganisms in Stratified Systems

Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology Band 14

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Beschreibung


This book provides information about microbial mats, from early fossils to modern mats located in marine and terrestrial environments. Microbial mats – layered biofilms containing different types of cells – are most complex systems in which representatives of various groups of organisms are found together. Among them are cyanobacteria and eukaryotic phototrophs, aerobic heterotrophic and chemoautotrophic bacteria, protozoa, anoxygenic photosynthetic bacteria, and other types of microorganisms.

These mats are perfect models for biogeochemical processes, such as the cycles of chemical elements, in which a variety of microorganisms cooperate and interact in complex ways. They are often found under extreme conditions and their study contributes to our understanding of extremophilic life. Moreover, microbial mats are models for Precambrian stromatolites; the study of modern microbial mats may provide information on the processes that may have occurred on Earth when prokaryotic life began to spread.

Produktdetails

Einband Taschenbuch
Herausgeber Joseph Seckbach, Aharon Oren
Seitenzahl 606
Erscheinungsdatum 05.09.2012
Sprache Englisch
ISBN 978-94-007-3241-4
Verlag Springer Netherland
Maße (L/B/H) 23,6/15,1/3,8 cm
Gewicht 913 g
Auflage 2010

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  • Introduction: Microbial Mats Matter as Marvelous Manifestations of Life, J.T. Staley
    Preface, J. Seckbach and A. Oren
    List of Authors and their Addresses
    PART 1: THE NATURE OF MICROBIAL MATS
    What are microbial mats? G. Gerdes
    Paper from Outer Space – On ‘Meteorpapier’ and Microbial Mats, A.Oren
    PART 2: MICROBIAL MATS IN THE GEOLOGICAL RECORD
    Microbial Mats on the Early Earth: The Archean Rock Record, M.M. Walsh
    Gunflint Chert Microbiota Revisited - Neither Stromatolites, nor Cyanobacteria, W.E. Krumbein
    Paleoenvironmental Context of Microbial Mat-Related Structures in Siliciclastic Rocks - Examples from the Proterozoic of India and South Africa, P.G. Eriksson et al
    Microbially Related Structures in Siliciclastic Sediment Resembling Ediacaran Fossils: Examples from India, Ancient and Modern, S.Banerjee et al
    Osmotrophic Biofilms: From Modern to Ancient, M.D. Brasier et al
    Microbial Mats as a Source of Biosignatures, E. Chacon
    Molecular Investigations and Experimental Manipulations of Microbial Mats: A View to Paleo-Microbial Ecosystems, S.J. Green and L.L. Jahnke
    Architecture of Archaeal-Dominated Microbial Mats from Cold Seeps in the Black Sea (Dnjepr Canyon, Lower Crimean Shelf), J. Reitner
    PART 3: MARINE, FRESHWATER, AND SOIL BIOFILMS
    Biodynamics of Modern Marine Stromatolites, D.M. Paterson et al
    Entophysalis Mats as Environmental Regulators, S. Golubic and R.M.M. Abed
    Diversity and Role of Cyanobacteria and Aerobic Heterotrophic Microorganisms in Carbon Cycling in Arid Cyanobacterial Mats,R.M.M. Abed et al
    Ooid Accreting Diatom Communities from the Modern Marine Stromatolites at Highborne Cay, Bahamas, J. Franks et al
    Exopolymers (Extracellular Polymeric Substances) in Diatom - Dominated Marine Sediment Biofilms, G.J.C. Underwood
    Microbial Mats from Wind Flats of the Southern Baltic Sea, K. Heyl et al
    Diazotrophic Microbial Mats, I. Severin and L.J. Stal
    Architectures of Biocomplexity: Lichen-Dominated Soil Crusts and Mats, M. Grube et al
    Iron and Bacterial Biofilm Development, O. Avidan et al
    PART 4 : MICROBIAL MATS IN EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS
    Mats of Filamentous and Unicellular Cyanobacteria in Hypersaline Environments, A. Oren
    Marine Hypersaline Microcoleus-Dominated Cyanobacterial Mats in the Saltern at Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur, Mexico. A System-Level Perspective, D.J. Des Marais
    Environmental Dynamics, Community Structure and Function in a Hypersaline Microbial Mat, H.W. Paerl and A.C. Yanarell
    Biogeochemistry of Carbon Cycling in Hypersaline Mats: Linking the Present to the Past through Biosignatures, P.T. Visscher et al
    Phototrophic Biofilms from Rio Tinto, an Extreme Acidic Environment, the Prokaryotic Component, A. Aguilera et al
    Fluvial Bedform Generation by Biofilm Activity in the Berrocal Segment of Río Tinto. Acidic Biofilms and Sedimentation, D.C. Fernández-Remolar et al
    Cyanobacterial Mats of the Meltwater Ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (Antarctica), A.D. Jungblut and B.A. Neilan
    Diversity and Ecology of Cyanobacterial Microflora of Antarctic Seepage Habitats. Comparison of King George Island, Shetland Islands, and