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Polyextremophiles

Life Under Multiple Forms of Stress

Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology Band 27

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Beschreibung

Many Microorganisms and some macro-organisms can live under extreme conditions. For example, high and low temperature, acidic and alkaline conditions, high salt areas, high pressure, toxic compounds, high level of ionizing radiation, anoxia and absence of light, etc. Many organisms inhabit environments characterized by more than one form of stress (Polyextremophiles). Among them are those who live in hypersaline and alkaline, hot and acidic, cold/hot and high hydrostatic pressure, etc. Polyextremophiles found in desert regions have to copy with intense UV irradiation and desiccation, high as well as low temperatures, and low availability of water and nutrients. This book provides novel results of application to polyextremophiles research ranging from nanotechnology to synthetic biology to the origin of life and beyond.

From the book reviews:

“It is a document of the terrestrial ecology of free-living microorganisms. … The utility of the volume is enhanced by its general readability; any undergraduate with a basic understanding of microbiology will benefit from reading it. This accessibility is augmented by the color plates that are used throughout the text. … Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above.” (P. K. Strother, Choice, Vol. 52 (2), October, 2014)

Produktdetails

Format PDF i
Herausgeber Helga Stan-Lotter, Aharon Oren, Joseph Seckbach
Kopierschutz Ja i
Erscheinungsdatum 13.05.2013
Sprache Englisch
EAN 9789400764880
Verlag Springer
Dateigröße 13698 KB

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  • PART 1: OPENING CHAPTERS
    Introduction; J. Seckbach et al.
    Foreword; R.W. Castenholz
    Preface; K. Horikoshi
    List of Authors and Their Addresses
    PART 2: GENERAL ASPECTS
    Polyextremophiles and the Constraints for Terrestrial Habitability; M.C. Capece et al.
    Life on the Edge and Astrobiology: Who Is Who in the Polyextremophiles World; J. Seckbach
    The Dynamic Genomes of Acidophiles; F. J. López de Saro et al.
    PART 3: HALOPHILES
    Two Centuries of Microbiological Research in the Wadi Natrun, Egypt: A Model System for the Study of the Ecology, Physiology, and Taxonomy of Haloalkaliphilic Microorganisms; A. Oren
    Adaptation  in Haloalkaliphiles and Natronophilic Bacteria; H.L. Banciu  and D.Y. Sorokin
    A Random Biogeochemical Walk into Three Soda Lakes of the Western USA: With an Introduction to a Few of their Microbial Denizens; R.S. Oremland
    Halophilic, Acidophilic, and Haloacidophilic Prokaryotes; H. Minegishi
    Life in Magnesium- and Calcium-Rich Hypersaline Environments: Salt Stress by Chaotropic Ions; A. Oren
    Survival Strategies of Halophilic Oligotrophic and Desiccation Resistant Prokaryotes; H. Stan-Lotter and S. Fendrihan
    Radiation Resistance in Extremophiles: Fending Off Multiple Attacks; K.M. Webb and J. DiRuggiero
    PART 4: THERMOPHILES
    Thermoalkaliphilic Microbes; V. Kumar and T. Satyanarayana
    Acido- and Thermophilic Microorganisms, Their Features and Identification of Novel Enzymes or Pathways; Y. Kawarabayasi
    Microbial Diversity in Acidic High Temperature Steam Vents; R.L. Weiss Bizzoco and  S.T. Kelley
    PART 5: PSYCHROPHILES
    Left Out in the Cold: Life in Cryoenvironments; J. Goordial et al.
    Microbial Diversity and Enzymes in Ikaite Columns; A Cold and Alkaline Environment in Greenland; J.K. Vester et al.
    Microbial Communities Thriving in Various Ice Ecosystems; B. Sattler and B. Post
    Snow Algae. Adaptation Strategies to Survive on Snow and Ice; T. Leya
    Adaptation of Antarctic Freshwater Green Algae to the Extreme Environments; H. Hu
    PART 6: PRESSURE
    Deep Sub-Surface Oil Reservoirs as Poly-Extreme Habitats for Microbial Life. A Current Review; A. Wentzel et al.
    Expanding Limits for Life to a New Dimension: Microbial Growth at Hypergravity; S. Deguchi  and K. Horikoshi
    PART 7: OXYGEN RELATIONSHIPS
    Microbial Eukaryotes in Marine Oxygen Minimum Zones; W.D. Orsi and V.P. Edgcomb
    Deep Hypersaline Anoxic Basins as Model Systems for Environmental Selection of Microbial Plankton; A. Stock et al.
    Microbial Eukaryotes in Hypersaline Anoxic Deep Sea Basins; V.P. Edgcomb and W.D. Orsi
    Life at High Salt and Low Oxygen: How Do the Halobacteriaceae Cope with Low Oxygen Concentrations in their Environment?; A. Oren
    PART 8: SELECTED ORGANISMS
    Niches and Adaptations of Polyextremotolerant Black Fungi; M. Grube et al.
    Polyextremophilic Photoautotrophic Eukaryotic Algae; W. Reisser Extremophilic Magnetotactic Bacteria; C.T. Lefèvre and D. A. Bazylinski
    Multicellular Extremophiles - The Case of the Tardigrades; D. Schulze-Makuch and J. Seckbach
    PART 9: FINAL COMMENTS
    Polyextremophiles - Summary and Conclusions; J. Chela Flores
    Erratum
    Organism Index
    Subject Index
    Author Index