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Halophilic Microorganisms and their Environments

Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology Band 5

Aharon Oren

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The halophilic microorganisms form a highly diverse group of organisms. They present the biochemist/physiologist with interesting questions on the strategies used to cope with high osmotic pressures exerted by hypersaline brines. They often have a strong impact on the ecosystems in which they thrive. The first section of the book presents in-depth discussions of the taxonomy, cellular properties, metabolic diversity, pigments, ion metabolism and organic osmotic solutes, properties of halophilic proteins, genetics, and biotechnological uses of halophilic microorganisms. The second section describes the occurrence and functioning of these organisms in the Great Salt Lake, the Dead Sea, solar saltern ponds, alkaline soda lakes, and other hypersaline environments worldwide. Each chapter contains an extensive list of references. No other book provides in-depth up-to-date coverage of all subjects described. The volume is intended for researchers and students interested in microbial physiology, microbial ecology, environmental sciences, and extremophilic biotechnology.


Einband gebundene Ausgabe
Seitenzahl 575
Erscheinungsdatum 31.08.2002
Sprache Englisch
ISBN 978-1-4020-0829-0
Verlag Springer Netherland
Maße (L/B/H) 24,1/16/3,7 cm
Gewicht 1057 g
Abbildungen 46 schwarzweisse Abbildungen,
Auflage 2002

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  • Dedication. Table of Contents. Foreword; J. Seckbach. Preface. Comments on Prokaryote Nomenclature and Salt Concentration Units. Section 1. An Historical Survey. 1. Halophilic Microorganisms in their Natural Environment and in Culture - An Historical Introduction. Section 2: Halophilic Microorganisms and their Properties. Introduction. 2. Taxonomy of Halophilic Microorganisms: Archaea, Bacteria and Eucarya. 3. The Cellular Structure of Halophilic Microorganisms. 4. Cellular Metabolism and Physiology of Halophilic Microorganisms. 5. Pigments of Halophilic Microorganisms. 6. Intracellular Salt Concentrations and Ion Metabolism in Halophilic Microorganisms. 7. Properties of Halophilic Proteins. 8. Organic Compatible Solutes. 9. Halophilic Bacteriophages and Halocins. 10. Genetics and Genomics of Halophilic Archae and Bacteria. 11. Biotechnological Applications and Potentials of Halophilic Microorganisms. Section 3: Hypersaline Environments and their Biota. Introduction. 12. Great Salt Lake, Utah. 13. the Dead Sea. 14. Solar Salterns. 15. Alkaline Hypersaline Lakes in Africa and Asia. 16. Mono Lake, California, and Big Soda lake, Nevada. 17. Miscellaneous Habitats of Halophilic Microorganisms - from Antarctic Lakes to Hydrothermal Vents. Section 4: Epilogue. 18. Epilogue: Evolution of Halophiles and Survival of Halophiles of Earth and in Space. Section 5: Supplement. Methods for Cultivation and handling of Halophilic Archaea and Bacteria. Glossary of Limnological Terms. Aboutthe Author. Organism Index. Geographical Index. Subject Index.