Encyclopedia of Bioastronautics

This comprehensive encyclopedia serves the needs of biomedical researchers, space mission planners and engineers, aerospace medicine physicians, graduate students, and professors interested in obtaining an up-to-date and readable introduction to bioastronautics, the science of humans in space. Following the excitement and progress of the birth of the space age in the fifties and sixties, with the successes in human space flight – culminating with the Moon landings – the field of bioastronautics retreated into the more workmanlike arena of successively longer stays in low Earth orbit. At this time, major new initiatives are ahead both in human and robotic space exploration. The International Space Station, along with the developing Chinese space station and lunar program, will permit the development and testing of the means of astronaut protection for long duration missions – eventually to Mars and its moons, as well as visits to asteroids, other NEOs, and the Lagrange points. New life support systems and innovative approaches to radiation protection beyond Earth’s magnetic field will all be developed and tested.  Meanwhile, the search for extraterrestrial life, past or even present, is accelerating – with the spectacular finds of Martian water and the discovery of potentially habitable extra-solar planets. A new generation of scientists is ready to attack a new set of problems, and is in need of an efficient, accurate and searchable means of discovering the essentials of the field. This reference work also covers the challenges, past achievements, and potential solutions inherent to the safe exploration of distant space and the search for life off our planet. The entries summarize the tertiary literature and include sufficient data and illustrations to introduce each topic, while avoiding the length and detail of scientific review articles.
Portrait
Laurence R. Young is the Apollo Program Professor of Astronautics and Professor of Health Sciences and Technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was the founding Director (1997-2001) of the National Space Biomedical Research Institute. He directs Harvard's HST Ph.D. program in Bioastronautics. Dr. Young was elected to the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine of the NAS and is a full member of the International Academy of Astronautics. He received an B.A.. from Amherst College in 1957; a Certificate in Applied Mathematics from the Sorbonne, Paris, as a French Government Fellow in 1958; S.B. and S.M. degrees in Electrical Engineering and the Sc.D. degree in Instrumentation from MIT, from 1957-1962.



Dr. Young has been active on many professional and government committees, including the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board for which he chaired the Airlift Panel and received the Air Force Decoration for Exceptional Civilian Service, the Space Medicine and Biology Committee of the National Academy of Sciences, NASA's Life Science Advisory Committee and the NIH Training Committee on Biomedical Engineering. He serves on several NASA Advisory panels relating to life sciences and the Space Station. He currently serves on the Institute of Medicine Standing Committee on Aerospace Medicine and the Medicine of Extreme Environments (CAMMEE). He is also a member of the Bárány Society for vestibular research, the Human Factors Society, and the Aerospace Medical Association. He is a Fellow of the IEEE, The Biomedical Engineering Society, The American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering and the Explorers Club.



Professor Young's contributions to the aerospace medical field have been in instrumentation (eye movement measurement) and basic and applied research in the field of vestibular function. Dr. Young is also recognized for his leadership in the aerospace human factors including applications of manual control theory, and especially for his research on adaptive manual control. His work on the vestibular system has led to his role as principal investigator for experiments on vestibular adaptation to weightlessness conducted aboard five Spacelab missions for which he received NASA's Public Service Group Achievement Award. Author of more than 200 journal articles, Prof. Young serves on the Scientific Advisory Board for the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience.



Jeffrey P. Sutton is President, CEO and Institute Director of NSBRI. Dr. Sutton holds the Friedkin Chair for Research in Sensory System Integration and Space Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine, where he is also Professor of Medicine and Director of the Center for Space Medicine. Dr. Sutton is also an affiliate faculty member in the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology.



Dr. Sutton's education and training were at the University of Toronto and Harvard University. He holds M.D., M.Sc. and Ph.D. (theoretical physics) degrees, and is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Surgeons of Canada and a Diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.



Dr. Sutton's research expertise is in smart medical systems, computational neuroscience and neuroimaging. He has made significant contributions through scholarly publications and patents to these fields. His research, medical practice and teaching were integrated for more than a decade at Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts General Hospital, prior to his appointment as NSBRI Director in 2001.



Dr. Sutton's academic leadership is internationally acclaimed, and he has received numerous awards for his achievements, including the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal, an NIH Career Development Award, President's Citation from the Society of NASA Flight Surgeons and Diploma from IBMP of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
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Einband gebundene Ausgabe
Herausgeber Laurence R. Young, Jeffrey P. Sutton
Seitenzahl 1100
Erscheinungsdatum 15.01.2019
Sprache Englisch
ISBN 978-3-319-12190-1
Verlag Springer
Maße (L/B) 254/178 mm
Gewicht 0
Abbildungen 100 schwarz-weiße und 100 farbige Abbildungen, Bibliographie
Auflage 1st ed. 2019
Buch (gebundene Ausgabe, Englisch)
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