The systematic development of building types is an important task in housing construction. A deeper understanding of the underlying building types is mandatory, both for individual designs and for the wider application and variation of tried-and-tested structures. The authors have developed an innovative, drawing-based approach for unfolding the potentials of several existing building types for the future of urban housing. The first part is dedicated to the courtyard house, in which the courtyard is used as a private outside living space. The second part deals with the popular form of the terraced house and discusses aspects ofcorner solutions or terraced developments as an urban design element. In the third part, the townhouse is discussed with view to variants such as single-story and apartment buildings, including aspects of privacy and public access, as well as living and working. Finally, the detached house type is considered in its potential to provide all-directionalorientation of the living space. The array of solutions is presented consistently in floorplans and cross-sections drawn to scale. In a new introduction to this all-in-one compendium the authors discuss the implications of the typological approach for today's housing design.
Günter Pfeifer ist Professor für Entwerfen und Wohnungsbau an der Technischen Universität Darmstadt. Als praktizierender Architekt hat er u.a. mit Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid, Tadao Ando und Alvaro Siza zusammengearbeitet. Er lehrte zehn Jahre Entwerfen und Hochbaukonstruktion und arbeitet heute auf dem Gebiet der intelligenten, energiesparenden, nachhaltigen Weiterentwicklung bestehender Bautypen. Dipl.-Ing. Per Brauneck forscht und lehrt an der Technischen Universität Darmstadt.