Wassily Kandinsky

Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (16 December [O.S. 4 December] 1866 - 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist. Kandinsky is generally credited as the pioneer of abstract art.[1] Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa (today Ukraine), where he graduated at Grekov Odessa Art school. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. Successful in his profession-he was offered a professorship (chair of Roman Law) at the University of Dorpat (today Tartu, Estonia)-Kandinsky began painting studies (life-drawing, sketching and anatomy) at the age of 30. In 1896, Kandinsky settled in Munich, studying first at Anton A¿be's private school and then at the Academy of Fine Arts. He returned to Moscow in 1914, after the outbreak of World War I. Following the Russian Revolution, Kandinsky "became an insider in the cultural administration of Anatoly Lunacharsky"[2] and helped establish the Museum of the Culture of Painting.[3] However, by then "his spiritual outlook... was foreign to the argumentative materialism of Soviet society",[4] and opportunities beckoned in Germany, to which he returned in 1920. There he taught at the Bauhaus school of art and architecture from 1922 until the Nazis closed it in 1933. He then moved to France, where he lived for the rest of his life, becoming a French citizen in 1939 and producing some of his most prominent art. He died in Neuilly-sur-Seine in 1944. Kandinsky was born in Moscow, the son of Lidia Ticheeva and Vasily Silvestrovich Kandinsky, a tea merchant.[5][6] One of his great grandmothers was a Princess Gantimurova, probably explaining the "slight Mongolian trait in his features".[7] Kandinsky learned from a variety of sources while in Moscow. He studied many fields while in school, including law and economics. Later in life, he would recall being fascinated and stimulated by colour as a child. His fascination with colour symbolism and psychology continued as he grew. In 1889, he was part of an ethnographic research group which travelled to the Vologda region north of Moscow. In Looks on the Past, he relates that the houses and churches were decorated with such shimmering colours that upon entering them, he felt that he was moving into a painting. This experience, and his study of the region's folk art (particularly the use of bright colours on a dark background), was reflected in much of his early work. A few years later he first likened painting to composing music in the manner for which he would become noted, writing, "Colour is the keyboard, the eyes are the hammers, the soul is the piano with many strings. The artist is the hand which plays, touching one key or another, to cause vibrations in the soul".[8] Kandinsky was also the uncle of Russian-French philosopher Alexandre Kojève (1902-1968).

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Über das Geistige in der Kunst

Über das Geistige in der Kunst

Dieses eBook: "Über das Geistige in der Kunst " ist mit einem detaillierten und dynamischen Inhaltsverzeichnis versehen und wurde sorgfältig korrekturgelesen. Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) war ein russischer Maler, Grafiker und Kunsttheoretiker, der auch in Deutschland und Frankreich lebte und wirkte. Kandinsky war ein Künstler des Expressionismus und einer der Wegbereiter der abstrakten Kunst. Er wird häufig nach eigenen Angaben als Schöpfer des ersten abstrakten Bildes der Welt genannt. Aus dem Buch: "Es gibt aber eine andere äußere Ahnlichkeit der Kunstformen, der eine große Notwendigkeit zugrunde liegt. Die Ahnlichkeit der inneren Bestrebungen in der ganzen moralisch-geistigen Atmosphäre, das Streben zu Zielen, die im Hauptgrunde schon verfolgt, aber später vergessen wurden, also die Ahnlichkeit der inneren Stimmung einer ganzen Periode kann logisch zur Anwendung der Formen führen, die erfolgreich in einer vergangenen Periode denselben Bestrebungen dienten. So entstand teilweise unsere Sympathie, unser Verständnis, unsere innere Verwandtschaft mit den Primitiven. Ebenso wie wir, suchten diese reinen Künstler nur das Innerlich-Wesentliche in ihren Werken zu bringen, wobei der Verzicht auf äußerliche Zufälligkeit von selbst entstand."
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